Correction of some "revisionist history" from close inside knowledge of both the Pahlavi and Mossadegh families, details of which have no need to be disclosed here.
"Reza Khan" as he is disparagingly named by one of the LEFT-WING speakers, the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, had NO INTENTION of being a monarch when he took over from the Qajar monarchy, whose reigning monarch was an inept teenager living mostly in Paris rather than in Iran.
Reza Shah wanted to form a republic but the CLERGY insisted he maintain millenia of tradition and proclaim himself Shah and assume a crown instead of the Presidency he wished to form.
Another of the most common fallacies (as menioned in this video) about the late Shah's Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh is that he was "DEMOCRATICALLY ELECTED" to that position. In fact that is NOT the case. Mossadegh, a prominent member of the previous Qajar dynasty was appointed to the post by the late-Shah, as was the custom in those days, and was RATIFIED by the Iranian Parliament.
His animosity toward the Shah was a family one and he wanted to overthrow the Pahlavis and restore the Qajars to power.
When Mossadegh was given oil advice by one of his oil rained, experienced Qajar relatives (Farmafarmaian) after the latter left the meeting he ordered his arrest. The latter was advised of the order and asked the Shah's help. To save his life he was immediately issued a passport, hand-delivered by a Colonel, and put on a plane leaving the country.
Mossadegh was NOT a kind nor thinking man but in reality a despotic, foul-mouthed autocrat far worse than the Shah ever was in the eyes of his worst enemy and it was the Shah's "graciousness" which pardoned him from being hanged after his trial as condemned and instead exiled to his property to live out the rest of his life.
Secondly, what is mentioned in the video, but again skimmed over, was that the Soviet supporting Iranian Communist (Tudeh) party backed Mossadegh when he opposed British oil interests and nationalized Iranian oil - while still under the rule of the Shah and with the monarch's full approval and support, but then privately offered contol of Iranian oil to the Soviets in return for support for the restoration of the Qajar dynasty under his leadership.
THE mentioned CIA COUP RESULTED FROM THE WEST REFUSING TO ALLOW THIS TO HAPPEN AND THUS NOT ONLY GIVE THE SOVIETS IRANIAN OIL BUT ALSO A PATH TO WARM WATERS IN SOUTHERN IRAN THEY HAD BEEN DENIED TILL THEN.
And which only recently has been granted by the Islamic regime under Supreme Ruler Ali Khamenei and president Ahmadi-Nejad as barter for protected REFUGE in Russia should the need arise for them to flee the country.
As the thirtieth anniversary of the Iranian revolution approached Al Jazeera ran a special series of programmes from the Islamic Republic.
READER COMMENT: Wow! The Islamic regime survived like a parasite till now. This video was made many years ago. More and more Iranians are regretting the Islamic revolution. We are deeply sorry for ourselves.
Alan note: I also knew the Shah, his senior ministers and top military. The naive mostly under 25-year old (65%) Iranian people regretably got what they asked for. Careful what you wish!
There's an apt, wry Persian joke. A young man wished for his mother to pass on so his aged father would find a young wife, who would then become his sex partner. But instead his father died and his mother married a young stud for herself but who used the boy as a sex slavey. The boy's lament is: "Look at what we wished for but look at what we actually got"!